pansexual statistics

There isn't a lot of research done on the specific experiences of pansexual people. Pansexual data is often folded into bisexual data or sometimes grouped together with other identities (such as queer, polysexual, omnisexual, asexual, and "other"), disregarded for not being "significant enough", or not even considered in the first place. Which is unfortunate.

But there is some research that provides some insight into the experiences of pansexual people.

The following information gathered from over thirty different studies/surveys, focusing on topics related to health, well-being, inclusion, safety, and victimization, shows that when pansexual people's experiences are addressed, the same patterns tend to show up. Which is also reflected in research done on those "under the bisexual umbrella".

Also included in an ongoing list of queer research that is pan-inclusive and a look into pan people being trans/non-binary.

CW/TW for mentions of suicide, self-harm, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, bullying, anxiety, depression, eating disorders, sexual harassment, sexual assault, violence, physical assault, domestic violence, child abuse, fatphobia, queerphobia, hate crimes, medical discrimination, poverty,

posi-pan on Tumblr and PansexualityOrg on Twitter

happiness, health, well-being

Risk and Protective Factors for Bullying Victimization among Sexual Minority Youths (2012)

— a higher percentage of the "queer, questioning, pansexual, and other" group reported seriously considering suicide in the last year compared to bisexual and gay/lesbian youth

— a higher percentage of the "queer, questioning, pansexual, and other" group reported making a suicide plan in the last year compared to gay/lesbian youth

— the "queer, questioning, pansexual, and other" group reported higher frequency of anxiety compared to bisexual and gay/lesbian youth

The Role of the Social Environment in Non-Suicidal Self-Injury Among LGBTQ Youth: A Mixed Methods Study (2013)

— "bisexual, pansexual, or queer" youth were at significantly higher risk for engaging in non-suicidal self-injury compared to gay youth

Bath & North East Somerset Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans Health and Inequality (2014)

— sexual minorities (bisexual, pansexual, queer, asexual, and other) had higher rates of health conditions or illnesses that interfere with their normal activities compared to gay, lesbian, and heterosexual individuals

— sexual minorities (bisexual, pansexual, queer, asexual, and other) had higher rates of mental health conditions lasting or expected to last 12 months or longer compared to gay and lesbian individuals

— sexual minorities (bisexual, pansexual, queer, asexual, and other) were more likely to seek help for anxiety and depression compared to gay and lesbian individuals

— sexual minorities (bisexual, pansexual, queer, asexual, and other) and lesbians were more likely to self-harm compared to gay individuals

— sexual minorities (bisexual, pansexual, queer, asexual, and other) were less likely to report happiness in the past few weeks compared to gay, lesbian, and heterosexual individuals

Supporting and Caring for Bisexual Youth (2014)

— pansexual youth reported lower levels of happiness compared to bisexual, queer, gay/lesbian, and straight youth

— pansexual youth reported being generally less optimistic in future ambition compared to bisexual and gay/lesbian youth

— mspec youth experienced higher rates of suicidality, depression, anxiety, self-harm, and substance use compared to gay/lesbian and straight youth

— mspec youth were twice as likely to experiment with drugs and alcohol as straight youth

The National School Climate Survey (2015)

— pansexual students reported higher levels of depression and low self-esteem compared to students of other sexual orientations

Voices of Health: Survey of LGBTQ Health in Minnesota (2016)

— bisexual and pansexual communities experience higher rates of smoking and depression

— pansexual individuals were dramatically more likely to report experiencing food security issues than individuals of other sexual orientations

— trans, bisexual, queer, and pansexual individuals were least likely to report access to nutritious foods

Being Bi, (2017)

— the percentage of polysexual (non-monosexual) and/or flexible people who have attempted suicide at least once is 3 times higher compared to homosexuals and 4 times higher compared to heterosexuals

A Closer Look: Bisexual Transgender People (2017)

— bisexual and pansexual individuals were less likely to indicate excellent or very good health than gay, lesbian, and heterosexual transgender individuals

— pansexual transgender individuals were more likely to report having a disability than individuals of other sexual orientations

— pansexual transgender individuals were more likely to report at least one lifetime suicide attempt than individuals of other sexual orientations

The health and wellbeing of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer population in Victoria (2017)

— "bisexual, pansexual and/or queer" individuals were more likely to report poor health, low satisfaction with life, feeling life is not worthwhile, and higher psychological distress compared to heterosexual or lesbian/gay individuals

The social determinants of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth suicidality in England: a mixed methods study (2017)

— "queer or pansexual" youth reported the highest rates of suicidality (plan or attempt) and self-harm

Anxiety and Depression Across Gender and Sexual Minorities: Implications for Transgender, Gender Nonconforming, Pansexual, Demisexual, Asexual, Queer, and Questioning Individuals (2018)

— individuals in the emerging sexual (pansexual, demisexual, asexual, queer, and questioning) and gender minority (transgender/gender nonconforming) categories report significantly higher rates of depression and anxiety when compared with cisgender/heterosexual individuals, and even significantly more than those who identify as gay/lesbian

— pansexual and demisexual individuals had the highest levels of depression and anxiety compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

— pansexual and demisexual individuals had significantly worse outcomes (prejudice, concealment, and internalized heterosexism, which contribute to mental health disparities, due to an unaccepting social environment) compared to heterosexual and gay and lesbian individuals

Experiences of violent victimization and unwanted sexual behaviours among gay, lesbian, bisexual and other sexual minority people, and the transgender population, in Canada (2018)

— "bisexual, pansexual, omnisexual, polysexual" individuals were more likely to indicate negative mental health compared to "gay or lesbian" and heterosexual individuals

— "bisexual, pansexual, omnisexual, polysexual" individuals were more likely to indicate having seriously contemplated suicide compared to "gay or lesbian" and heterosexual individuals

— "bisexual, pansexual, omnisexual, polysexual" individuals were more likely to have a diagnosed mood or anxiety disorder compared to "gay or lesbian" and heterosexual individuals

— "bisexual, pansexual, omnisexual, polysexual" individuals were more likely to have health risk behaviors (binge drinking, non-medicinal cannabis use, non-prescribed drug use) in the past 12 months compared to "gay or lesbian" and heterosexual individuals

— "bisexual, pansexual, omnisexual, polysexual" individuals were more likely to use drugs or alcohol to cope with abuse or violence that occurred in lifetime and in the past 12 months compared to "gay or lesbian" and heterosexual individuals

National LGBT Survey (2018)

— asexual and pansexual individuals reported lower life satisfaction compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

— cisgender pansexual individuals were the most likely to have accessed mental health services or to have tried but been unsuccessful compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

Understanding the relationship between sexual identity, life satisfaction, psychological well-being, and online community use (2018)

— pansexual individuals were more distressed compared to gay and lesbian individuals

Cigarette Smoking Among Youth at the Intersection of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity (2019)

— pansexual youth had higher odds of smoking compared to gay/lesbian youth

— cisgender pansexual boys, transgender pansexual boys, and nonbinary pansexual youth had the highest smoking prevalence

— the hazard of smoking at a younger age was greater for bisexual and pansexual youth compared to gay or lesbian youth

— pansexual-identified youth were at greater risk for early initiation and current smoking compared to gay or lesbian youth

— youth who identified as pansexual exhibited greater tobacco use behaviors compared to gay or lesbian youth

Comparing Pansexual- and Bisexual-Identified Participants on Demographics, Psychological Well-Being, and Political Ideology in a New Zealand National Sample (2019)

— pansexual individuals reported higher psychological distress compared to bisexual individuals

Life in Norfolk for LGBT+ People (2019)

— physical exercise and leisure facility usage was particularly low by "asexual, pansexual, queer and non-defining" individuals

— "asexual, pansexual, queer and non-defining" and "gender non-binary" individuals were least likely to experience zero mental health problems or behavior

— rates of suicidal thoughts and behaviours, self-harm, anxiety, and eating disorders were highest amongst "asexual, pansexual, queer and non-defining" and "gender non-binary" individuals

Perceived Barriers to Mental Health Services Among Canadian Sexual and Gender Minorities with Depression and at Risk of Suicide (2019)

— pansexual and queer individuals were more likely to be "depressed and not at risk of suicide" compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

— queer, pansexual, and bisexual individuals were more likely to be "not depressed and at risk of suicide" compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

— asexual and pansexual individuals were more likely to be "depressed and at risk of suicide" compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

Southern LGBTQ Health Survey (2019)

— pansexual individuals were most likely to indicate poor physical and mental health compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

— pansexual individuals reported the highest rate of depression and anxiety compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

— pansexual individuals reported the highest rate of self-harming behaviors compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

— queer, other, pansexual, and bisexual individuals reported a significantly higher rate of suicidal ideation compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

Suicide Thoughts and Attempts Among Transgender Adults in the U.S. (2019)

— pansexual adults reported the highest prevalence on all suicide-related measures

The views of same sex attracted women in the ACT about their health; their health needs; their access to services, supports, and information; and the barriers to maintaining their health (2019)

— bisexual and pansexual women were more likely to rate their physical and mental health poorer compared to lesbians

Assessing mental health signals among sexual and gender minorities using Twitter data (2019)

— pansexual individuals used more negative emotion, anger, and sadness words compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

Suicidality Disparities Between Transgender and Cisgender Adolescents (2019)

— "bisexual or pansexual" individuals had higher rates of passive death wish, suicidal ideation, suicidal attempt, and nonsuicidal self-injury compared to "gay or lesbian" and "queer, other, or questioning" individuals

Lived Experiences with Food Insecurity and Food Programs Among LGBTQ People (2020)

— pansexual individuals had more experiences with food banks compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

Just Like Us (2021)

— the majority (67%) of young pansexual people admitted to having suicidal thoughts or feelings

— a third (32%) of young pansexual people said they've self-harmed

— half of young pansexual people said they've experienced depression (47%)

— half of young pansexual people said they've experienced an anxiety disorder (51%)

— one in five (20%) young pansexual people also admitted to having an eating disorder

— over half (53%) of young pansexual people worry about their mental health on a daily basis

— 14% of young pansexual people have never felt positive about their future, which is a higher statistic than young bisexual people (10%) and young people who aren't lgbtq+ (5%)

— as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, six in ten (59%) young pansexual people said their mental health has worsened, and half (52%) of young pansexual people said they've felt isolated from the people they're closeted to

community, support, inclusion

Supporting and Caring for Bisexual Youth (2014)

— pansexual youth reported lower levels of sense of belonging compared to bisexual, queer, and gay/lesbian youth

— pansexual youth reported slightly higher levels of exclusion compared to bisexual youth

— mspec youth were less likely to be connected with programs and services that can best support them, both at school and in their local community, compared to gay/lesbian youth

— mspec youth were less likely to report having supportive adults that they could turn to if they were sad compared to gay/lesbian youth

The National School Climate Survey (2015)

— pansexual and "other" students reported higher levels of low sense of school belonging compared to students of other sexualities

Being Bi, (2017)

— almost half of polysexual (non-monosexual) people that participate at least every now and then at their local LGBT+ activities have experienced erasure, discrimination, derision, or stigmatization within them; even more alarming considering those same people experienced abuse significantly higher compared to those who are monosexual

— around 40% of them never heard of an event dedicated to bisexuality

— between 32% and 52% have reported severe lacks in terms of bisexual representation in the LGBT+ realities

National LGBT Survey (2018)

— cisgender pansexual and queer individuals were particularly likely to say that accessing mental health services had not been easy compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

— cisgender pansexual individuals were more likely to report not knowing where to go and their general practitioner not knowing where to refer them as difficulties accessing sexual health services compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

The global consultation on the inclusive education and access to health of LGBTI+ youth around the world (2018)

— "queer/pansexual" youth were more likely to feel their needs weren't met by education policies compared to questioning, bisexual, and heterosexual youth

Understanding the relationship between sexual identity, life satisfaction, psychological well-being, and online community use (2018)

— asexual, demisexual, pansexual, and polysexual individuals reported significantly lower sense of community scores compared to gay, lesbian, and bisexual individuals

Life in Norfolk for LGBT+ People (2019)

— a low percentage of "asexual, pansexual, queer, and non-defining" individuals felt included in their local community

— a low percentage of "asexual, pansexual, queer, and non-defining" individuals felt included the LGBT+ community in Norfolk

Perceived Barriers to Mental Health Services Among Canadian Sexual and Gender Minorities with Depression and at Risk of Suicide (2019)

— gay/lesbian and pansexual individuals were more likely to report "professionals from ethnic or cultural group not available" as a barrier to mental health care compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

safety, victimization, abuse

Bath & North East Somerset Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans Health and Inequality (2014)

— sexual minorities (bisexual, pansexual, queer, asexual, other) were less likely to be out compared to gay and lesbian individuals

— sexual minorities (bisexual, pansexual, queer, asexual, other) were less likely to feel safe compared to gay and lesbian individuals

Supporting and Caring for Bisexual Youth (2014)

— pansexual youth reported slightly higher levels of harassment in several areas including being called names involving anti-gay slurs compared to bisexual youth

— mspec youth experienced higher rates of bullying and sexual violence compared to gay/lesbian and straight youth

The National School Climate Survey (2015)

— pansexual and gay/lesbian students reported feeling less safe at school due to sexual orientation compared to bisexual students

— pansexual, gay/lesbian, queer, and "other" students reported feeling less safe at school due to gender expression compared to bisexual students

— pansexual and gay/lesbian students experienced higher levels of peer victimization based on sexual orientation compared to students of other sexual orientations

— pansexual and "other" students experienced higher levels of peer victimization based on gender expression compared to students of other sexual orientations

— pansexual students reported higher levels of sexual harassment compared to students of other sexual orientations

— pansexual students were less likely to be out to other students and teachers/staff compared to gay/lesbian students

Voices of Health: Survey of LGBTQ Health in Minnesota (2016)

— bisexual and pansexual communities experience higher rates of homelessness

Being Bi, (2017)

— only 44% of polysexuals (non-monosexuals) have come out to someone in some way, and only 56% reports being totally out

— 91% of people out as bi or pan suffer or have suffered external judgment for their own orientation, in a way significantly higher compared to people identifying in other ways

— almost 20% of them have suffered menaces/damages to their own goods or person/physical abuses of various nature because of their orientation

A Closer Look: Bisexual Transgender People (2017)

— bisexual and pansexual transgender individuals were more likely to live in poverty compared to gay/lesbian and heterosexual transgender individuals

— more bisexual and pansexual transgender individuals reported not seeing a doctor when they needed to due to cost compared to gay/lesbian and heterosexual transgender individuals

— queer and pansexual transgender individuals reported higher rates of lifetime sexual assault compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

The health and wellbeing of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer population in Victoria (2017)

— "bisexual, pansexual and/or queer" adults experience lower income, higher unemployment, and lower private health insurance coverage compared to lesbian, gay and heterosexual Victorians

— "bisexual, pansexual and/or queer" individuals were more likely to report higher rates of family violence compared to heterosexual and lesbian/gay individuals

The National School Climate Survey (2017)

— pansexual students experienced a more hostile school climate compared to students of other sexual orientations

— pansexual students experienced higher levels of victimization based on sexual orientation compared to students of other sexual orientations

— pansexual students experienced higher levels of victimization based on gender expression compared to students of other sexual orientations

— pansexual students reported a higher rate of sexual harassment compared to students of other sexual orientations

— pansexual students experienced more anti-LGBTQ discrimination through school policies and practices compared to students of other sexual orientations

— pansexual students reported higher rates of in-school and out-of-school discipline compared to students of other sexual orientations

— pansexual students were more likely to report having missed school because they felt unsafe compared to students of other sexual orientations

— pansexual students were more likely to have changed schools because of feeling unsafe or uncomfortable at a particular school compared to students of other sexual orientations

Polyvictimization Prevalence Rates for Sexual and Gender Minority Adolescents (2017)

— pansexual adolescents were more likely to be lifetime polyvictimized compared to adolescents of other sexual orientations

— pansexual adolescents were more likely to be victimized across dating violence, bias-related assault, and relational and physical bullying compared to adolescents of other sexual orientations

— pansexual adolescents were more likely to be victimized across any sexual victimization, any sexual assault, sexual assault by minor, attempted sexual assault, and sexual harassment compared to adolescents of other sexual orientations

— pansexual adolescents were more likely to be victimized across any child maltreatment, custodial interference compared to adolescents of other sexual orientations

— pansexual adolescents were more likely to be victimized across vandalism and household theft compared to adolescents of other sexual orientations

— pansexual adolescents had the highest overall rate of lifetime polyvictimization compared to adolescents of other sexual orientations

Experiences of violent victimization and unwanted sexual behaviours among gay, lesbian, bisexual and other sexual minority people, and the transgender population, in Canada (2018)

— "bisexual, pansexual, omnisexual, polysexual" individuals were more likely to experience physical assault since age 15 and in the past 12 months compared to "gay or lesbian" and heterosexual individuals

— "bisexual, pansexual, omnisexual, polysexual" individuals were more likely to experience sexual assault since age 15 and in the past 12 months compared to "gay or lesbian" and heterosexual individuals

— "bisexual, pansexual, omnisexual, polysexual" individuals were more likely to experience violent victimization since age 15 and in the past 12 months compared to "gay or lesbian" and heterosexual individuals

— "bisexual, pansexual, omnisexual, polysexual" individuals were more likely to experience unwanted behaviors in public in and online the past 12 months compared to "gay or lesbian" and heterosexual individuals

National LGBT Survey (2018)

— pansexual women notably had the highest declared rates of verbal harassment, insults or other hurtful comments or conduct

— cisgender pansexual individuals reported higher rates of verbal harassment, insults, other hurtful comments, coercive or controlling behavior, and threat of physical or sexual harassment or violence from people they lived with due to being LGBT or being thought to be LGBT compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

— transgender pansexual and queer individuals were more likely to rate mental health services as mainly or completely negative compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

— cisgender pansexual individuals were more likely to rate mental health services as mainly or completely negative compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

The global consultation on the inclusive education and access to health of LGBTI+ youth around the world (2018)

— "queer/pansexual" youth were more likely to consider leaving school because of sexual orientation compared to questioning, lesbian, and bisexual youth

The Link Between Domestic Violence and Abuse and Animal Cruelty in the Intimate Relationships of People of Diverse Genders and/or Sexualities: A Binational Study (2018)

— queer and pansexual individuals were more likely to experience emotional and sexual abuse compared to gay or lesbian individuals

— pansexual individuals were more likely to experience identity-related abuse compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

Exploring the Workplace for LGBT+ Physical Scientists (2019)

— "bi/pansexual" individuals were less likely to be out to everyone at work compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

Life in Norfolk for LGBT+ People (2019)

— gay, "asexual, pansexual, queer, and non-defining", and "gender non-binary" individuals were least likely to feel safe being out living in Norfolk

— a higher percentage of "gender non-binary" and "asexual, pansexual, queer and non-defining" individuals have experienced a hate-crime and anti-LGBT+ bullying compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

— a low percentage of "asexual, pansexual, queer and non-defining" individuals would feel comfortable coming out to their general practitioner and believe they would supportive and respectful

— a low percentage of "asexual, pansexual, queer and non-defining" individuals were comfortable discussing their mental health with their general practitioner and roughly a fourth would discuss their sexual health with their general practitioner

Perceived Barriers to Mental Health Services Among Canadian Sexual and Gender Minorities with Depression and at Risk of Suicide (2019)

— queer and pansexual individuals were more likely to report "not being able to afford financial cost involved", "not covered or insufficient coverage from my insurance", "being unsure where to go to get professional help", "difficulty taking time off from work", "preferring to get help from friends", and "preferring to get alternative forms of care" as barriers to mental health care compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

Southern LGBTQ Health Survey (2019)

— pansexual and queer individuals disproportionately described their overall quality of care as poor compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

— pansexual and heterosexual individuals were most likely to be uninsured compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

— transgender, pansexual, and queer individuals reported higher rates of worry about losing their coverage compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

— pansexual and queer individuals were least likely to feel comfortable seeking medical care within their community compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

— heterosexual, pansexual, and queer individuals indicated a significantly higher rate of not feeling comfortable seeking medical care within their community compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

— pansexual, queer, and heterosexual individuals were least likely to believe doctors in their communities could provide quality care for members of the LGBTQ community compared to individuals of other sexualities

The views of same sex attracted women in the ACT about their health; their health needs; their access to services, supports, and information; and the barriers to maintaining their health (2019)

— bisexual and pansexual women reported experiencing higher rates of sexual violence compared to lesbians

Weight‐based victimization among sexual and gender minority adolescents: Findings from a diverse national sample (2019)

— a larger portion of "other", pansexual, asexual, and queer adolescents have experienced weight-based teasing from family compared to adolescents of other sexualities

— gay, lesbian, bisexual, pansexual and "other" adolescents had higher odds of experiencing weight-based teasing from peers compared to straight adolescents

— pansexual, asexual, and "other" adolescents had increased odds of experiencing teasing from family members compared to straight adolescents

— bisexual, pansexual, and "other" adolescents experienced more frequent weight‐based teasing from peers in school compared to straight adolescents

Bisexual Stigma, Sexual Violence, and Sexual Health among Bisexual and Other Plurisexual Women: A Cross-Sectional Survey Study (2019)

— plurisexual (queer or pansexual) individuals were more than three times as likely to report an experience of sexual violence and verbal coercion compared to bisexual individuals

Intimate Partner Violence Experiences of Sexual and Gender Minority Adolescents and Young Adults Assigned Female at Birth (2019)

— bisexual and pansexual individuals were at greater risk for sexual/gender minority-specific victimization compared to lesbians

British LGBT Survey Youth Report (2020)

— bisexual, queer, pansexual, questioning, and asexual individuals experienced less job chances compared to gay or lesbian individuals

NUS-USI Student Consent Survey (2020)

— individuals who had experienced unwanted sexual behaviour on 2 occasions were significantly more likely to be pansexual compared to individuals of other sexual orientations

Just Like Us (2021)

— 31% of young pansexual people are experiencing daily tension at home, which is a significantly higher number than most young lgbtq+ people generally (25%) and non-lgbtq+ people (15%)

— only 53% of young pansexual young people said they have felt safe in school on a daily basis in the past 12 months, compared to 58% of young lgbtq+ people generally and 73% of non-lgbtq+ people

— pansexual (31%) and bisexual (26%) young people are more likely to have experienced cyber bullying in the past 12 months, compared to 14% of gay boys and 21% of lesbians

— 6% of pansexual young people have experienced unwanted sexual touching

pan inclusive queer research

This is a non-exhaustive list of queer studies, surveys, papers, etc. that are pan-inclusive. That means pan people were included, interviewed, counted, etc. or pansexuality is discussed. Some research goes into more depth about pansexuality and/or data on pansexual people, while others just briefly mention it.

To Love Women, or To Not Love Men: Chronicles of Lesbian Identification (1999)

LGBT Communities and Substance Use - What Health Has To Do With It! (2003)

An exploratory study of experiences of gifted/sexual minority students (2008)

Suicidality and Self-Harm Among Sexual Minorities in Japan (2008)

Transgender People in the U.S. Military (2008)

The Experiences of Transgender Youth in Our Nation's Schools (2009)

Transgender People's Experiences of Domestic Abuse in Scotland (2010)

National Transgender Discrimination Survey Report on Health and Health Care (2010)

Trans PULSE: Who are Trans People in Ontario? (2010)

Our Hearts Still Hold These Intimate Connections: An Introduction to the Spiritualities Special Issue of the Journal of Bisexuality (2010)

Research into Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Equality in Adult Learning (2011)

A Reflection on “Bisexuals and BDSM: Bisexual People in a Pansexual Community”—Ten Years Later (and a Preview of the Next Sexual Revolution) (2011)

Transgender Individuals' Workplace Experiences: The Applicability of Sexual Minority Measures and Models (2011)

Working Bi: Preliminary Findings from a Survey on Workplace Experiences of Bisexual People (2011)

Exploring the Diversity of Gender and Sexual Orientation Identities in an Online Sample of Transgender Individuals (2011)

Risk and Protective Factors for Bullying Victimization among Sexual Minority Youths (2012)

Solidarity but not similarity? LGBT communities in the twenty-first century (2012)

First, Do No Harm: Reducing Disparities for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and Questioning Populations in California (2012)

Love, Rage and the Occupation: Bisexual Politics in Israel/Palestine (2012)

The second national survey of the health and wellbeing of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender (GLBT) Australians (2012)

Challenging the Binary: Sexual Identity That Is Not Duality (2013)

The Role of the Social Environment in Non-Suicidal Self-Injury Among LGBTQ Youth: A Mixed Methods Study (2013)

Pansexual Identification in Online Communities: Employing a Collaborative Queer Method to Study Pansexuality (2013)

From Blues to Rainbows: The mental health and well-being of gender diverse and transgender young people in Australia (2014)

Supporting and Caring for Bisexual Youth (2014)

Bath & North East Somerset Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans Health and Inequality (2014)

Bisexual, pansexual, queer: Non-binary identities and the sexual borderlands (2014)

Comparing perceived experiences of prejudice among self-identified plurisexual individuals (2014)

Conceptualization of Sexual Orientation Identity Among Sexual Minorities: Patterns Across Sexual and Gender Identity (2014)

Sexual Minority Reflections on the Kinsey Scale and the Klein Sexual Orientation Grid: Conceptualization and Measurement (2014)

Trans Needs Assessment Report (2014)

Speculative Fictions, Bisexual Lives: Changing Frameworks of Sexual Desire (2015)

Trans Needs Assessment Survey (2015)

Asian Pacific American Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender People: A Community Portrait (2015)

Report on the Experiences of Asian, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander Respondents in the U.S. Transgender Survey (2015)

The Report of the U.S. Transgender Survey (2015)

The National School Climate Survey (2015)

The impact of mandatory reporting on the help-seeking and wellbeing of domestic violence survivors (2015)

The Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Students in Social Work Programs (2015)

An Assessment of the Health Needs of the Transgender Community in Montana (2015)

Who Adopts Queer and Pansexual Sexual Identities? (2016)

How Do LGBT Youth in New York State Talk about Gender and Sexual Orientation? (2016)

Voices of Health: Survey of LGBTQ Health in Minnesota (2016)

The LGBTIreland Report: national study of the mental health and wellbeing of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people in Ireland (2016)

Defining Bisexuality: Young Bisexual and Pansexual People's Voices (2016)

What's in a Name? Exploring Pansexuality Online (2016)

“It's not Pans, It's People”: Student and Teacher Perspectives on Bisexuality and Pansexuality (2016)

Journal of Bisexuality: Epistemological Opacity and a Queer Relational Jouissance (2016)

“Regardless of Their Gender”: Descriptions of Sexual Identity among Bisexual, Pansexual, and Queer Identified Individuals (2016)

The Intersection of Race, Sexual Orientation, Socioeconomic Status, Trans Identity, and Mental Health Outcomes (2016)

The Intersection of Race, Sexual Orientation, Socioeconomic Status, Trans Identity, and Mental Health Outcomes (2016)

Northwest Pennsylvania LGBTQA Community Health Needs Assessment Results (2016)

“All of My Lovers Fit Into This Scale”: Sexual Minority Individuals’ Responses to Two Novel Measures of Sexual Orientation (2016)

The health and wellbeing of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer population in Victoria (2017)

Posi-Pan Pan Survey (2017)

Investigation of Health Risk Patterns Across Sexual and Gender Minority Identities (2017)

Polyvictimization Prevalence Rates for Sexual and Gender Minority Adolescents (2017)

The social determinants of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth suicidality in England: a mixed methods study (2017)

"Neither of the Boxes": Accounting for Non-Binary Gender Identities (2017)

Sexual Health among Transgender People (2017)

"In society I don't exist, so it's impossible to be who I am." Trans people's health and experiences of healthcare in Sweden (2017)

Perceptions of Polyamory In Canada (2017)

A Closer Look: Bisexual Transgender People (2017)

The National School Climate Survey (2017)

Texas Statewide LGBTQ Community Needs Assessment (2017)

Face Validity Ratings of Sexual Orientation Scales by Sexual Minority Adults: Effects of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity (2017)

Health and identity-related interactions between lesbian, bisexual, queer and pansexual women and their healthcare providers (2017)

Meeting the Healthcare Needs of Transgender, Nonbinary, and Gender Expansive/Nonconforming Youth in Wisconsin (2017)

Bisexuality, pansexuality, queer identity, and kink identity (2017)

Health and identity-related interactions between lesbian, bisexual, queer and pansexual women and their healthcare providers (2017)

Under the Bisexual Umbrella: Diversity of Identity and Experience (2017)

Non-Monosex Research Publication in U.S.-Based Social Work Journals Between 2008–2016 (2017)

Perceptions of Individuals Who Are Non-monosexuals held by Graduate Students: A Q Methodological Study (2017)

Accelerating Acceptance GLAAD (2017)

Relationship partners of transgender individuals: A qualitative exploration (2017)

Overdiagnosed but Underserved: Trans Healthcare in Georgia, Poland, Serbia, Spain, and Sweden: Trans Health Survey (2017)

San Francisco Bay Area LGBTQ Community Needs Assessment (2018)

National LGBT Survey: Summary Report (2018)

The Australian Trans and Gender Diverse Sexual Health Survey (2018)

Understanding the relationship between sexual identity, life satisfaction, psychological well-being, and online community use (2018)

Maintaining Dignity: Understanding and Responding to the Challenges Facing Older LGBT Americans: An AARP survey of LGBT adults age 45-plus (2018)

Learning from the Religious Experiences of Bi+ Trans People (2018)

"And Then They Boned": An Analysis of Fanfiction and Its Influence on Sexual Development (2018)

Summary report of the global consultation on the inclusive education and access to health of LGBTI+ youth around the world (2018)

Anxiety and Depression Across Gender and Sexual Minorities: Implications for Transgender, Gender Nonconforming, Pansexual, Demisexual, Asexual, Queer, and Questioning Individuals (2018)

LGBT in Britain: Trans Report (2018)

Gender-Expansive Youth Report (2018)

Experiences of violent victimization and unwanted sexual behaviours among gay, lesbian, bisexual and other sexual minority people, and the transgender population, in Canada (2018)

Liberation of Bisexual Consciousness: Maneuvering Through Hostile Life Environments (2018)

Family Functioning and Mental Health of Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Youth in the Trans Teen and Family Narratives Project (2018)

Demographic Comparison of American Individuals in Polyamorous and Monogamous Relationships (2018)

“I never felt like there was a place for me:” Experiences of Bisexual and Pansexual Individuals with a Christian Upbringing (2018)

Queer Intimacies: A New Paradigm for the Study of Relationship Diversity (2018)

Comparing implicit and explicit attitudes of gay, straight, and non-monosexual groups toward transmen and transwomen (2018)

Inequities in depression within a population of sexual and gender minorities (2018)

Dancing on the waves or being washed away? Representations of bisexualities in Liquid Modernity (2018)

The Link Between Domestic Violence and Abuse and Animal Cruelty in the Intimate Relationships of People of Diverse Genders and/or Sexualities: A Binational Study (2018)

Experiences of Trans Unitarian Universalists (2018)

Queer-Spectrum and Trans-Spectrum Student Experiences in American Higher Education (2018)

Differences in adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and quality of physical and mental health between transgender and cisgender sexual minorities (2019)

Suicidality Disparities Between Transgender and Cisgender Adolescents (2019)

Weight‐based victimization among sexual and gender minority adolescents: Findings from a diverse national sample (2019)

Life in Norfolk for LGBT+ People (2019)

Foreclosing Fluidity at the Intersection of Gender and Sexual Normativities (2019)

Suicide Thoughts and Attempts Among Transgender Adults in the U.S. (2019)

Perceived Barriers to Mental Health Services Among Canadian Sexual and Gender Minorities with Depression and at Risk of Suicide (2019)

Research Everyday Life of Trans Persons in Slovenia (2019)

Southern LGBTQ Health Survey (2019)

Chicago LGBTQ Community Needs Assessment (2019)

Comparing Pansexual- and Bisexual-Identified Participants on Demographics, Psychological Well-Being, and Political Ideology in a New Zealand National Sample (2019)

Exploring the Workplace for LGBT+ Physical Scientists (2019)

Cigarette Smoking Among Youth at the Intersection of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity (2019)

Understanding LGBTI+ Lives in Crisis (2019)

The views of same sex attracted women in the ACT about their health; their health needs; their access to services, supports, and information; and the barriers to maintaining their health (2019)

Bisexual Stigma, Sexual Violence, and Sexual Health among Bisexual and Other Plurisexual Women: A Cross-Sectional Survey Study (2019)

A Systematic Scoping Review of the Prevalence, Etiological, Psychological, and Interpersonal Factors Associated with BDSM (2019)

Nonsequential Task Model of Bi/Pan/Polysexual Identity Development (2019)

Sexual Orientation Moderates the Effect of Gender on Body Satisfaction: Results From a National Probability Sample (2019)

What does inclusive sexual and reproductive healthcare look like for bisexual, pansexual and queer women? Findings from an exploratory study from Tasmania, Australia (2019)

Navigating negativity: a grounded theory and integrative mixed methods investigation of how sexual and gender minority youth cope with negative comments online (2019)

Not in our community: Queer women challenge religious homophobia in rural Kentucky (2019)

The micropolitics of choice in Italy: How the law affects lesbian and bisexual women’s daily life (2019)

Sexual Orientation and the Integrated Motivational–Volitional Model of Suicidal Behavior: Results from a Cross-Sectional Study of Young Adults in the United Kingdom (2019)

‘Bisexual oysters’: A diachronic corpus-based critical discourse analysis of bisexual representation in The Times between 1957 and 2017 (2019)

Perceptions of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Minority Adolescents About Labels (2019)

Assessing mental health signals among sexual and gender minorities using Twitter data (2019)

The Impact of Social Media on Non-Monosexuals’ Responses to Discrimination: A Co-Cultural Approach (2019)

‘You're not sure that you are gay yet’: The perpetuation of the ‘phase’ in the lives of young disabled LGBT + people (2019)

Intimate Partner Violence Experiences of Sexual and Gender Minority Adolescents and Young Adults Assigned Female at Birth (2019)

‘Apps are cool but generally pretty pointless’: LGBTIQ+ young people’s mental health app ambivalence (2019)

Gender identity and sexual orientation development among young adult transgender men sexually active with cisgender men: ‘I had completely ignored my sexuality … that’s for a different time to figure out’ (2019)

Nimeämisen mahti: Sukupuolta ja seksuaalisuutta kuvaavien termien suhteisuudesta (2019)

The Invisi_les: Biphobia, Bisexual Erasure and Their Impact on Mental Health (2019)

British LGBT Survery Youth Report Summary (2020)

Poverty Reduction in Trans, Non-binary and Two-Spirit Communities (2020)

Lived Experiences with Food Insecurity and Food Programs Among LGBTQ People (2020)

NUS-USI Student Consent Survey (2020)

Sexual Satisfaction in Trans Masculine and Nonbinary Individuals: A Qualitative Investigation (2020)

Comparing the Partnering, Minority Stress, and Depression for Bisexual, Lesbian, and Gay Adults from Religious Upbringings (2020)

Promoting Identity Wellness in LGBTGEQIAP+ Adolescents Through Affirmative Therapy (2020)

Gender Identity and Health-related Outcomes in a National Sample of College Students (2020)

“Queer as hell media”: Affirming LGBTQ+ youth identity and building community in Metro Atlanta, Georgia (2020)

L or G or B or T: Matching Sexual and Gender Minorities with Subpopulation-Specific Interventions (2020)

Young Bisexual People’s Experiences of Sexual Violence: A Mixed-Methods Study (2020)

Exploring the Rainbow (2020)

COVID-19 and LGBTQ Emerging Adults: Risk in the Face of Social Distancing (2020)

Exploring the associations between unwanted affection, stress, and anxiety (2020)

Queering Disability: Exploring the Resilience of Sexual and Gender Minority Persons Living With Disabilities (2020)

'What do bisexuals look like? I don't know!' Visibility, gender, and safety among plurisexuals (2020)

Homonormativity or queer disidentification? Rural Australian bisexual women's identity politics (2020)

A queer boundary: How sex and BDSM interact for people who identify as kinky (2020)

San Antonio LGBTQ+ Survey (2020)

Abortion experiences and preferences of transgender, nonbinary, and gender-expansive people in the United States (2020)

Erasure and Resilience: The Experiences of LGBTQ Students of Color (2020)

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on LGBTIQ People (2020)

Bisexuality in Europe: Sexual Citizenship, Romantic Relationships, and Bi+ Identities (2020)

Bisexual and Pansexual Identities: Exploring and Challenging Invisibility and Invalidation (2020)

Motivations for Sexual Identity Concealment and Their Associations with Mental Health among Bisexual, Pansexual, Queer, and Fluid (Bi+) Individuals (2020)

Just Like Us (2021)

It’s Like Bisexuality, but It Isn’t: Pansexual and Panromantic People’s Understandings of Their Identities and Experiences of Becoming Educated about Gender and Sexuality (2021)

The Oxford Handbook of Sexual and Gender Minority Mental Health (2021)

pan people being trans and/or non-binary

Panphobes claim that pan people are always or mostly cis. Now, I often see a lot of trans and/or non-binary pan people, as well as pan folks saying the majority of pan people they know or have seen aren't cis, but since not everyone is content to take queer people on their word, I've compiled a list of studies that touch on the likelihood of pan people being trans and/or non-binary, and vice versa.

LGBT Communities and Substance Use - What Health Has To Do With It! (2003)

— all pansexual identified participants also identified as transgender or transsexual

The Experiences of Transgender Youth in Our Nation's Schools (2009)

— transgender students were more likely to identify as something other than gay, lesbian, and bisexual (such as straight or pansexual) than non-transgender students

Transgender People's Experiences of Domestic Abuse in Scotland (2010)

— queer and pansexual were the most common sexual orientations

Exploring the Diversity of Gender and Sexual Orientation Identities in an Online Sample of Transgender Individuals (2011)

— pansexual and queer were the most commonly endorsed sexual orientation identities

Research into Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Equality in Adult Learning (2011)

— pansexual and queer were descriptions used more frequently by those identifying as transgender

Transgender Individuals' Workplace Experiences: The Applicability of Sexual Minority Measures and Models (2011)

— bisexual and "another self-specified sexual orientation (e.g., queer, pansexual)" were the most common sexual orientations

First, Do No Harm: Reducing Disparities for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and Questioning Populations in California (2012)

— transgender respondents chose bisexual/pansexual at higher rates than the overall community survey sample

Pansexual Identification in Online Communities: Employing a Collaborative Queer Method to Study Pansexuality (2013)

— 21% of pansexual respondents chose more than one option on gender identity

— 12.2% of pansexual respondents identified as genderfuck

— 10.5% of pansexual respondents identified as agender

From Blues to Rainbows: The mental health and well-being of gender diverse and transgender young people in Australia (2014)

— participants were most likely to identify as queer and pansexual

Trans Needs Assessment Report (2014)

— transgender respondents were more likely to identify as bisexual and pansexual

The National School Climate Survey (2015)

— pansexual and queer students were more likely to be non-cisgender compared to bisexual students

Transgender and HIV: Risks, Prevention, and Care (2014)

— most of the transgender focus group identified as either straight or "bisexual/pansexual"

Supporting and Caring for Bisexual Youth (2014)

— queer and pansexual youth were more likely to indicate their gender as transgender or "other" compared to bisexual and "other bisexual" youth

The Report of the U.S. Transgender Survey (2015)

— trans people were most likely to identify as queer and pansexual

— among pansexuals, non-binary was the most common gender identity

— more than half of transgender people identified as queer, pansexual, and bisexual

The National School Climate Survey (2015)

— pansexual and queer students were more likely to be non-cisgender compared to bisexual students

Toward a broader conceptualization of trans women’s sexual health (2015)

— the most common identity was bisexual/pansexual

An Assessment of the Health Needs of the Transgender Community in Montana (2015)

— pansexual was the most common sexual orientation among transgender participants

Who Adopts Queer and Pansexual Sexual Identities? (2016)

— those adopting queer and pansexual identities were more likely to be non-cisgender than cisgender

— queer and pansexual sexual identity labels predominated among those who reported a nonbinary gender identity

How Do LGBT Youth in New York State Talk about Gender and Sexual Orientation? (2016)

— transgender and gender nonconforming youth were more likely to identify their sexual orientations as pansexual, queer, or bisexual, compared to youth who are not transgender or gender nonconforming

The LGBTIreland Report: national study of the mental health and wellbeing of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex people in Ireland (2016)

— 7.2% of transgender participants identified as pansexual

— 13.3% of intersex participants identified as pansexual

“Regardless of Their Gender”: Descriptions of Sexual Identity among Bisexual, Pansexual, and Queer Identified Individuals (2016)

— individuals identifying as queer and pansexual were more likely to identify as transgender or indicate a transgender history or status compared to individuals identifying as bisexual

National School Climate Survey (2017)

— pansexual students were least likely to be cisgender

"Neither of the Boxes": Accounting for Non-Binary Gender Identities (2017)

— the majority of participants identified their sexual orientation as queer, bisexual, or pansexual

Perceptions of Polyamory In Canada (2017)

— non-binary participants were much more likely to identify as pansexual than cis participants

— non-binary participants were significantly more likely to identify as pansexual than any other sexual orientation, followed by "other" and polysexual

Texas Statewide LGBTQ Community Needs Assessment (2017)

— consistent with research, significantly more bisexual, pansexual, and asexual participants were transgender

"In society I don't exist, so it's impossible to be who I am." Trans people's health and experiences of healthcare in Sweden (2017)

— "don't define, not sure, other", pansexual, and queer were the most common sexual orientations

Sexual Health among Transgender People (2017)

— transgender clients were more likely to identify as bisexual or pansexual

Meeting the Healthcare Needs of Transgender, Nonbinary, and Gender Expansive/Nonconforming Youth in Wisconsin (2017)

— the largest number of respondents were queer/pansexual

Investigation of Health Risk Patterns Across Sexual and Gender Minority Identities (2017)

— queer and pansexual were the most common sexual orientations among trans participants

— pansexual participants were more likely to be trans than cis

Face Validity Ratings of Sexual Orientation Scales by Sexual Minority Adults: Effects of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity (2017)

— pansexual individuals were more likely to identify as transgender compared to queer individuals

Considerations for Culturally Sensitive Research With Transgender Adults: A Qualitative Analysis (2017)

— the most common sexual orientations were queer, pansexual, and bisexual

Maintaining Dignity: Understanding and Responding to the Challenges Facing Older LGBT Americans: An AARP survey of LGBT adults age 45-plus (2018)

— pansexual participants were more likely to be "gender expansive" than cis

Learning from the Religious Experiences of Bi+ Trans People (2018)

— the most frequent sexual orientations among trans participants were queer and pansexual

"And Then They Boned": An Analysis of Fanfiction and Its Influence on Sexual Development (2018)

— almost 30 percent of transgender respondents were pansexual

— those who identified as genderfluid were mostly pansexual

— of those who indicated a romantic orientation, more transgender and non-binary participants were panromantic

— most agender participants were aromantic, followed by panromantic

— most demigender participants were biromantic, followed equally by aromantic and panromantic

The Australian Trans and Gender Diverse Sexual Health Survey (2018)

— there were more queer and pansexual participants than of other sexual orientations

— pansexual was the highest reported sexual orientation among AMAB non-binary participants

— pansexual was the second highest reported sexual orientation among AFAB non-binary and trans women participants

— pansexual was the fourth highest reported sexual orientation among trans men participants

LGBT in Britain: Trans Report (2018)

— the most common sexual orientations were bi and queer/pansexual

Gender-Expansive Youth Report (2018)

— the majority of gender expansive youth identified as bisexual and pansexual

Demographic Comparison of American Individuals in Polyamorous and Monogamous Relationships (2018)

— those who were transgender or identified with "other" genders more often reported pansexual or "other" sexual orientations

Family Functioning and Mental Health of Transgender and Gender-Nonconforming Youth in the Trans Teen and Family Narratives Project (2018)

— the most common sexual orientation was pansexual

Experiences of Trans Unitarian Universalists (2018)

— the majority of trans unitarian universalists identify as queer, pansexual, or bisexual

Comparing Pansexual- and Bisexual-Identified Participants on Demographics, Psychological Well-Being, and Political Ideology in a New Zealand National Sample (2019)

— pansexual participants were more likely to be gender diverse (transgender or nonbinary) than bisexual participants

Foreclosing Fluidity at the Intersection of Gender and Sexual Normativities (2019)

— non-binary participants were more likely to be queer and pansexual

Research Everyday Life of Trans Persons in Slovenia (2019)

— the highest percentage of the respondents identify as bisexual or pansexual

Differences in adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and quality of physical and mental health between transgender and cisgender sexual minorities (2019)

— "bisexual/pansexual" was the most common sexual orientation among transgender participants

— transgender participants were more likely to identify as "bisexual/pansexual" compared to cisgender participants

Suicidality Disparities Between Transgender and Cisgender Adolescents (2019)

— the majority of "bisexual or pansexual" participants were transgender

— the majority of transgender participants were "bisexual or pansexual"

— the majority of nonbinary participants were "bisexual or pansexual"

— the majority of questioning participants were "bisexual or pansexual"

Gender identity and sexual orientation development among young adult transgender men sexually active with cisgender men: ‘I had completely ignored my sexuality … that’s for a different time to figure out’ (2019)

— majority of transgender men were queer and pansexual (33.3% each)

Poverty Reduction in Trans, Non-binary and Two-Spirit Communities (2020)

— queer, bisexual, and pansexual are the most common sexual orientations

Sexual Satisfaction in Trans Masculine and Nonbinary Individuals: A Qualitative Investigation (2020)

— bisexual, queer, and pansexual were the most commonly used labels among trans masculine participants

— queer, pansexual, and asexual were the most commonly used labels among nonbinary participants

Gender Identity and Health-related Outcomes in a National Sample of College Students (2020)

— queer, bisexual, and pansexual were the most common non-straight identities among transgender participants

— pansexual, queer, and bisexual were the most common non-straight identities among non-binary participants

“Queer as hell media”: Affirming LGBTQ+ youth identity and building community in Metro Atlanta, Georgia (2020)

— all pansexual/panromantic participants were nonbinary, gender nonconforming, or transgender

Exploring the Rainbow (2020)

— one of the most prevalent themes to emerge from the interviews was a connection between labelling one's sexuality as pansexual and either identifying as transgender or nonbinary, or engaging in a relationship with someone who identified as such. all but one individual either identified with a gender that did not match the sex they were assigned at birth or had engaged in romantic or sexual relationships with individuals who identified as transgender